“I know and I feel in my heart that sooner or later my people will rid themselves of all their enemies, both internal and external, and that they will rise as one man to say no to the degradation and shame of colonialism, and regain their dignity in the clear light of the sun.”
– Patrice Lumumba, Congo’s first democratically elected leader, shortly before his assassination
In late October 1959, Lumumba, as leader of the MNC organization, was arrested for inciting an anti-colonial riot in #Stanleyville where thirty people were killed; he was sentenced to 69 months in prison. The trial’s start date of 18 January 1960, was also the first day of a round-table conference in Brussels to finalize the future of the Congo. Despite Lumumba’s imprisonment at the time, the MNC won a convincing majority in the December local elections in the Congo. As a result of strong pressure from delegates upset with Lumumba’s trial, he was released and allowed to attend the Brussels conference. The conference culminated on 27 January with a declaration of Congolese independence, setting 30 June 1960, as the independence date with national elections from 11–25 May 1960. Lumumba and the MNC won this election and the right to form a government, with the announcement on 23 June 1960 of 34-year-old Lumumba as Congo’s first prime minister and Joseph Kasa-Vubu as its president. In accordance with the constitution, on 24 June the new government passed a vote of confidence and was ratified by the Congolese Chamber and Senate. #Lumumba #Organize #Congo #Independence #MNC #Revolutionary
South Africa IS in ‘Africa’. South Africa is one of the few countries in Africa that carries Africa in its name, yet in many ways a case can be made that South Africa still remains disconnected from the rest of the African continent. This is in part due to the inherited nature of the relationship that characterized much of the Apartheid government’s engagements with the rest of the African continent.